Medical Laboratory Programs

Laboratory analysis play an important role in the detection, diagnosis, and treatment of many diseases. Laboratory professionals perform a myriad of such tests to aid the physician in the management  of disease.

For more information, contact Joan O'Connell-Spalla  330-941-1761  joconnellspalla@ysu.edu

Medical Laboratory Technician (MLT-AAS) Curriculum

The medical laboratory technician program is a two-year program leading to the Associate of Applied Science degree. The curriculum focuses on the knowledge and basic skills necessary to understand and master the procedures performed in the medical laboratory. Included are the principles, methods, calculations, and interpretation of laboratory procedures, computer technology, and communication and interpersonal skills. Technical instruction includes procedures in hematology, microbiology, immunohematology, clinical chemistry, and body fluids. This program requires five semesters of study including one summer semester.

Medical laboratory technicians (MLT) work in a supportive role in a hospital laboratory, private laboratory, clinic, public health facility, or pharmaceutical laboratory. The MLT performs laboratory tests under the supervision or direction of pathologists and other physicians, and clinical laboratory scientists. Physicians and other health care professionals use these tests to determine the presence and extent of disease, the etiologic implications about the cause of disease, and to monitor the treatment of the disease.

The MLT collects samples from patients and develops data on the blood, tissues and body fluids by using a variety of precise methodologies and technologies. Medical laboratory technicians use modern instruments, with the ability to discriminate between similar items and correct errors using preset strategies. The MLT has knowledge of specific techniques and instrumentation and is able to recognize factors that affect laboratory procedures. The MLT also monitors quality assurance procedures.

The MLT program is accredited through the National Accrediting Agency for Clinical Laboratory Sciences and meets the standards developed by the American Society of Clinical Pathologists (ASCP).

The National Accrediting Agency for Clinical Laboratory Sciences
5600 N. River Rd., Suite 720
Rosemont, IL 60018-5119
phone (773) 714-8886
http://www.naacls.org

Over the past three program years, the MLT program has a 96.0% graduation rate and a 96.0% placement rate. Approximately 87% of those graduates who took the ASCP-MLT certification examination passed within one year of graduation from the program.  

Graduates are eligible to take the certification examinations for MLT/CLT offered through ASCP and become certified as an MLT (ASCP).

Students must have a minimal Math Placement of Level 3 or its equivalent to be considered for the MLT program. Students in Pre-MLT are not considered to be enrolled in the MLT program. Students must first complete the following courses with a minimal grade of C:

COURSETITLES.H.
MLT 1501Introduction to the Medical Laboratory Profession2
MLT 1501LIntroduction to the Medical Laboratory Profession Laboratory1
BIOL 2601General Biology: Molecules and Cells4
BIOL 2601LGeneral Biology: Molecules and Cells Laboratory0
Total Semester Hours7

Program admission is based on the applicant's overall GPA and performance in Chemistry, MLT, and Biology courses. All MLT, BIOL, & CHEM courses must be completed with a minimum grade of a "C". Students must maintain an overall program GPA of at least 2.5. Students receiving a total of 6 hours or more grades of "D"/ "F" in MLT, BIOL, or CHEM will be dismissed from the program. All developmental courses such as the following do not count toward degree requirements.

COURSETITLES.H.
ENGL 1539Fundamentals of College Writing4
ENGL 1540Introduction to College Writing3
RSS 1510AAdvanced College Success Skills3
RSS 1510BBasic College Success Skills3
MATH 1501Elementary Algebraic Models5
MATH 1505Intermediate Algebra with Applications5
MATH 1507Intermediate Algebra3

There will be no course substitutions for MLT, BIOL, or CHEM courses. Students are permitted a total of two course repetitions for recalculation of GPA. Readmission to the program is based on GPA and availability of class space. Students must maintain a minimum of 2.5 GPA for placement into clinical practicum. Courses must be taken in proper sequence; students may invalidate clinical placement when failing to do so. Students are required to complete a physical exam, background check, and immunizations as program requirements.

Medical laboratory technicians are expected to function with a maximum degree of effectiveness in professional attitude, patient relations, and integrity. The capacity for competent performance at all levels must be assured before the student will be assigned to a clinical internship. The student must be competent in the didactic (knowledge), psychomotor (laboratory skills), and affective realm (attitude and responsibility) prior to clinical placement.

Plan of Study Grid
Year 1
FallS.H.
MLT 1501
1501L
Introduction to the Medical Laboratory Profession
and Introduction to the Medical Laboratory Profession Laboratory
3
CHEM 1515
1515L
General Chemistry 1
and General Chemistry 1 Laboratory
4
BIOL 2601
2601L
General Biology: Molecules and Cells
and General Biology: Molecules and Cells Laboratory
4
ENGL 1550 Writing 1 3
HAHS 1500 Introduction to the Bitonte College of Health and Human Services 2
General Education Requirement 1 3
 Semester Hours19
Spring
MLT 1502
1502L
Urinalysis and Body Fluids
and Urinalysis and Body Fluids Laboratory
3
MLT 1503
1503L
Immunohematology
and Immunohematology Laboratory
4
MLT 2601
2601L
Clinical Chemistry 1
and Clinical Chemistry 1 Laboratory
3
BIOL 2602
2602L
General Biology: Organisms and Ecology
and General Biology: Organisms and Ecology Laboratory
4
ENGL 1551 Writing 2 3
 Semester Hours17
Summer
MLT 3700
3700L
Clinical Chemistry 2
and Clinical Chemistry 2 Laboratory
4
MLT 3701
3701L
Clinical Hematology 1
and Clinical Hematology 1 Laboratory
3
 Semester Hours7
Year 2
Fall
MLT 2603 Topics in Medical Laboratory Technology 4
MLT 3702
3702L
Clinical Hematology 2
and Clinical Hematology 2 Laboratory
3
MLT 3703L Clinical Immunology Laboratory 1
MLT 3787
3787L
Diagnostic Microbiology
and Diagnostic Microbiology Laboratory
5
STAT 2625 Stat Lit and Crit Reasoning 4
 Semester Hours17
Spring
MLT 3706 Medical Laboratory Seminar 2
MLT 3710 Interpretation of Clinical Laboratory Results 1
MLT 3716 Clinical Internship 8
General Education Requirement 3
 Semester Hours14
 Total Semester Hours74
1

General education courses must fulfill them requirements for the baccalaureate degree. Students must take two courses from Arts & Humanities, two courses from Social Science, and two courses from Social and Personal Awareness.

Only those students who complete MLT 1501 Introduction to the Medical Laboratory Profession / MLT 1501L Introduction to the Medical Laboratory Profession Laboratory and BIOL 2601 General Biology: Molecules and Cells / BIOL 2601L General Biology: Molecules and Cells Laboratory with a grade of C or better will be considered for admission into the MLT Program.

Learning Outcomes

  • Graduates will be prepared to function as entry-level health care professionals in the medical laboratory as medical laboratory technicians and medical laboratory scientists. At entry level, the medical laboratory graduate will be able to demonstrate the ability to comprehend, apply and evaluate information relative to the medical laboratory profession.
  • These learning outcomes include comprehension of the theory and the ability to apply and evaluate the didactics of hematology, clinical chemistry, immunohematology, microbiology, immunology, coagulation, molecular diagnostics, and other emerging diagnostics.
  • Graduates will be prepared to function as entry-level health care professionals in the medical laboratory as medical laboratory technicians and medical laboratory scientists. Upon completion of the program, graduates will demonstrate technical proficiency in laboratory applications.
  • These psychomotor learning outcomes include the performance of laboratory procedures in hematology, clinical chemistry, immunohematology, microbiology, immunology, coagulation, molecular diagnostics, and other emerging diagnostics. The graduate will demonstrate proficiency in the functions of all phases of laboratory analysis (pre-analytical, analytical, and post-analytical processes).
  • Graduates will demonstrate professional conduct and interpersonal communication skills consistent with the medical laboratory profession.
  • Students will exhibit the ability to think critically across all 3700-level courses through the application of fundamental didactic and psychomotor skills to assess the medical relevance and significance of specific aspects of laboratory testing.